Amara La Negra – Afro-Latina Beauty and Brains

Amara La Negra

This USA born citizen and bred Dominican personifies the kind of beauty that shocks the long promoted standard images of Europeans. Who declared ‘Black is Beautiful’? Amara has grey eyes, and eye glass figure, a big round buttock, a thin nose, small lips, gorgeous dark skin and a huge afro. This combination of elements makes her Afro-Latina. She is popular in the Latina countries. They appreciate the range and variety of shapes, sizes and shades as ‘La Negra’ puts it. While Miami is considered the capital of South America, breaking into the rest of the USA is quite another feat. Amara speaks Spanish with an accent as if she were reared in Dominica and speaks perfect English as well. These combinations of physical attributes, talent as a singer/dancer performer, and fluent in Spanish has made her somewhat of a sensation.

Her breakthrough moment came with the VH+1 Hip Hop reality TV Series, this time in Miami. When she describes the show’ approach, it is being put into certain situations and reacting yet being aware of ones surroundings and career goals.  Her first show defined Amara La Negra’s potential legacy. Upon meeting a producer that help developing artist break into the American Market, she was challenged with changing her image. The comparison reflected one image is so much better than another for example he said ‘be less Macy Gray (natural hair) and more Beyonce’. The producer inquired whether her huge afro was a statement of being black as a noted ‘black power symbol’ (arm raised)? Before this ‘reality tv’ meeting Amara was not a spokesperson for colorism although she had experienced differences most of her life starting as a child performer. Her mother worked many jobs to ensure her vivacious and outgoing daughter had platforms to showcase her talents. Amara is committed to her mother’s happiness and thankful for her sacrifice. Her mother is also her advisor. La Negra walked away from that very established producer into several multimillion dollar contracts including a major record company and international manager.

Amara La Negra answer questions about her cause and has vocally challenged the Latina community to face up to their quiet acceptance of colorism within the culture. You can find her online doing interviews on radio talk shows, Hip Hop Miami, and articles about her interaction with the producer, who by the way, off set made fun of Amara’s hair style thus triggering her crusade. Despite the Latina producer being uncomfortable with her look. La Negra has made her hair even bigger with extensions, and declares this look is her most comfortable. Amara declares that her look is the ‘attention getter’ to raise the level of discussion for Latina to address discrimination due to ‘colorism’ within their cultures. Amara La Negra points out that all the South American countries and islands with people of Latina origin have people who look like her. She wants to represent a positive image for young girls. There were very few black Latina role models when she was growing up thereby looked to African Americans such as Whitney Houston and Donna Summers. Amara is flashy, spirited, sexy and talented with shade constantly being thrown at her. An example would be other Latina who do ‘black face’ mocking so-called European features and dark skin. While she builds her breakthrough career in the rest of States, she is to woman to be admired and respected. Amara La Negra will bring up all the stuff that we ‘outside of Miami’ deal with, such as my race vs your race ‘I’m ok, you’re not;  woman vs man sexism and power roles; and what is acceptable beauty in our marketplace. Do doubt she will challenges her Latina sisters and brothers to open up on colorism. Yes that includes ‘civil rights’ African Americans and their offsprings.

 

Art and Article by Lillian L. Thompson, founder of Lillianonline.us.

Zena Howard, Architect and Managing Director

 

Zena Howard, Architect

Data shows from the American Institute of Architects that .02 percent of their professionals are women of color. This makes Zena Howard an African American woman architect a very rare person indeed. She is well a documented rising star in the profession. During 2017, her title became principal and ‘managing director of the Durham and Charlotte offices’ of the International firm of Perkins + Will. Many articles from Perkins + Will promotes awareness of Zena’s career and successes as an architect. Zena is on LinkedIn, which shows her career jobs as project architect and eventually principal at The Freelon Group. Zena’s building projects include Anacostia Library, Human Resources Building in Durham, and smaller museums. Her tested capacity and experience made her most ideal to step into the managing director role after architect Phil Freelon, who remains the design director at Perkins + Will. Due to neuron effects of ALS (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) he had to relinquish day to day operations. Many people may not be unaware that Freelon, at age 65, is still in the prime of his career as an architect and was acknowledged as ‘Architect of the Year’ by the American Institute of Architects December 2017. This places Zena at ‘up and coming’.

The ‘planned acquisition’ of the 60 member Freelon Group with Perkins + Will came amid work on the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington DC (which just won ‘Building of the Year’). The Freelon Group were the design Architects on that building in collaboration with lead designer, British-Ghanaian architect, David Adjaye;  J Max Bond (of NYC Davis Brody Bond (deceased (2009) was my former professor at Columbia and Julian Bond’s cousin) also a design partner along with the addition of a large interdisciplinary architectural/engineering firm SmithGroup to round out the winning team. Zena Howard, as design project architect, worked on construction of significant portions of the building for over eight years of her professional life.  Ensuring design details during construction, are what brings the building to its full potential. It’s the fine work that customers experience when visiting: quality of air, light, sight, sound, flow, surfaces and spaces as parts of a great building. Recall that .02 percentage of African American women are in the field of Architecture up from the 0.01 several decades ago.

It is very difficult to express the uniqueness and fragile circumstances of women in architecture as a few manage to rise and shine. Zena Howard established a successful route with progressive experience in the profession and still at a young age for evolving architects. One could follow her career for many years to come. I was referred to her near the end of her working days on the National Museum of African American History and Culture. I actually ran into her at a genealogy event in Durham. Zena was gracious; her personality was vibrant and energetic. I could see and sense that she was at a high point in her career reflecting great confidence and  mastery of her skills and talents.  Once we had a chance to talk after completion of the Museum, Zena spoke about her efforts and desire to help inspire and develop young African American women architects, something that is sorely needed. She was helpful in referring me to possible relationships and opportunities to work with Perkins + Will. I am aware that she was successful in connecting others. She is part of an impressive group of local women architects who recognize that mentoring and assisting with the development of women in architecture is a worthy effort. She according to articles is sought after as a speaker.

There are other impressive African American women architects from different locations around the country and sometimes heirs of their family businesses that deserve appreciation. Zena Howard did not even know what architecture was and discovered it from a TV show.  Born in Texas, lived in Rocky Mount, NC and upstate New York she learned about racism and experienced being made fun of by her school mates. She learned from that which gave her perspective on the importance of architecture in bringing people together. Fortunately for us she landed in Durham, North Carolina. Zena graduated from the University of Virginia. She began her career elsewhere and now has spent a major part of her professional career with The Freelon Group (10 years) and now through a planned acquisition is principal with the international renown firm of Perkins + Will.  Zena represents what so many women aspire to accomplish in the field of architecture and knowing that she is doing it with grace and dignity makes it most impressive. By working on the National Museum of African American History and Culture she has begun establishing a worthy legacy in the local, regional, national and international markets of which we all can be proud.

 

Art and article is by Lillian L. Thompson, creator of Lillianonline.us

Sonia Barnes – Strong History in Community

 

Sonia Barnes is a native of Wilson, North Carolina, whose father was president in the local AFL-CIO labor organization. Her world involved sit-ups, segregated schools, marching, working hard during summer time to crop tobacco, while learning the value of hard work and education. Her young life bloomed in the middle of the civil rights movement. She grew up with friends like former judge and now Congressman G. K. Butterfield and Attorney Toby Fitch. Sonia Barnes is a congressional liaison to Representative David Price for the 4th Congressional District of North Carolina, and also worked formerly with educator, Congressman Bob Etheridge.

Sonia’s wise mother taught her to respect everyone no matter what their economic status in life. She carries that one step further in her non-profit work in NCBWEN by fundraising for scholarships for the ‘Average ‘C’ grade students providing them with book bags and scholarships! She is also the Founder and CEO of the North Carolina Black Women Empowerment Network. (www.NCBWEN.org). Their ‘mission statement’

‘The North Carolina Black Women Empowerment Network’s supreme mission is to advance the wholeness and total well-being for black women through deliberate social, economic, physical, mental health and educational initiatives.’

Sonia has another titles as wife and ‘first lady’ under her husband’s ministerial leadership at the First Garner Church of Faith, in Garner, North Carolina. Sonia is majorly a mom and grandmother. She is constantly on her feet which is not lost on her husband, who reminds her of such. As the liaison with Congressman Price, she represents the district with dignity and elegance. Her background, experience, knowledge, awareness, and powerful presence make for a compelling speaker, presenter, and spokesman for District 4.

Sonia is not a bragger, yet she receives recognition and was informed to receive the ‘John Chavis Award’ in March. Her talents have placed her on several significant boards around Raleigh including Wake Med. She has vision, on a large scale, mostly because of her past work experiences with the State of North Carolina and her public role working for congressional representatives. Sonia has expressed the urgency of our people working together during segregation, we were forced to do so, now it is out of necessity that we respect others’ views and doing right by people. When you see Sonia and not know who she is, you may not be quite sure how to approach her, do not hesitate because what you’re seeing is a powerful image of authentic grace and style with a commitment to her people and the work of empowerment. Her warm Wilson hospitality does suit her as a ‘first lady’ in her own right.

 

Art and article by Lillian L. Thompson of https://lillianonline.us

Eunice Johnson of Ebony Fashion Fair

                                                                                 

Fortunate for us Eunice Johnson came along at a time when the  our consciousness as a people was being challenged by the effects of Jim Crow. Our struggle to overcome was aided by her determination to bring ‘mind blowing’ and uplifting fashion shows to African American woman. She let it be known that we could  wear the best designed clothes that international fashion offered. She mixed black fashion designer with noted couture designers from Paris, France. She established networks of women throughout the country, navigated shopping at runway shows overseas in Paris and Milan, Italy, thereby selecting the most exciting styles that would challenge her captive USA audiences.  She proved we could wear bright colors. She was not limited to women; her styles included high style for me as well.  With extraordinary taste and flair Eunice Johnson, a child of Selma, Alabama, educated at three schools for social work, journalism and interior design became noted as our community’s royalty, who brought the very best. Women appreciated her and wore their best to her fashion shows. What is notable is that she had created an economic engine. While we have fashion shows today, there is nothing of this magnitude that acts as jobs creator for models, designers, event planners, announcers, logistics people, with development opportunities from all involved in the production. She was a pioneer, a woman of great taste, an inspiration, and a standard for fashion and beauty.

After seeing the last stop and show of the Ebony Fashion Fair exhibit early January 2018, at the North Carolina Museum of Art, one has to contemplate the full economic impact this show had during its run  for over 50 years. Where did Fashion Fair began? It started as a fundraiser for a hospital in New Orleans in 1958 according to wikipedia. This show toured throughout the USA in 200 cities including Canada and the Caribbean, featuring African American models and fashion designers. It raised over $55 million. Her cosmetic line was created out of providing the appropriate makeup for her models, because there were no lines available for women of color, resulting in her Fashion Fair Cosmetic line and legacy. While Johnson Publishing Company magazines ‘Ebony and Jet’ have sold, the name carries the Fashion Fair US/UK cosmetic divisions and archives of photos.  The people who were fortunate enough to attend an Ebony Fashion Fair Show over the years experienced Eunice Johnson’s vision to uplift, inspire, and promote the beauty of African American Women.

Article and Art by Lillian L. Thompson, shop art at Lillianonline.us

 

Tarana Burke founder of #MeToo

Activist and writer Tarana Burke is the creator of #MeToo and founder of a movement ‘to radicalize the notion of mass healing… we as a people do not do enough to address healing and connection’. She states in a CNN video that this movement was founded for black and native women and based on her personal story. To ignore the fact that MeToo, which was founded for women who voices had been censored on sexual harassment, is to miss the purpose of the organization. Ms Burke wants these women to know they are heard.  She is concerned about the present day climate of name-calling, sexism, and racism drowning out the real reason for the MeToo movement and voices of marginalized women. Her work was started over a decade ago and ‘the message has not changed’. She noted that sexual harassment knows no color and that today’s recognition of this fact (Time Magazine cover of the year for 2017) makes it especially important certain groups of women are not overlooked.

Women have experienced sexual harassment almost as a matter of course throughout this nation, at work, at home, everywhere. Think of the times as a child growing up, in school, and at work. No matter what level, Tarana Burke has been reluctant to keep speaking about her painful experiences. Nevertheless, she lifts all of us up because she felt passionate enough to create a platform for her peers and thus for all women to stand on. From Hollywood to Congress to the workplace, to the home we now have her work to keep this cause in the forefront. Thank you protagonist.

 

 

Article and art is by Lillian Thompson at Lillianonline.us

 

 

Mignon Clyburn

Mignon, is daughter of Congressman Clyburn from South Carolina, was nominated by President Barack Obama and appointed by the senate to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 2009 to serve out a vacated seat and appointed again in May of 2013 for five year term which ended in June of 2017. She will remain in the position until someone is appointed or until January 2019 according to Wikepedia.

She is an advocate for Net Neutrality and limiting cost of calls for inmates which have been exorbitant. She has since, the new 2017 Trump presidency, been in battles to resist rollbacks of Obama consumer rights protection regulations. Ajit Pai, now Chair has sought to eliminate regulations that required internet provider engagement in providing broadband to rural areas and Lifeline programs for low income citizens since 1980. Mignon Clyburn has been a voice of defense for consumer protection and access. The recent Net Neutrality vote was 3-2 to repeal along party lines. She continues to speak out against this vote and repealing of other consumer protections for a more open internet instead of the Trump selected Ajit Pai’s directive to deregulate in favor of internet providers. Her twitter account is twitter.com/mclyburnfcc. 

Mignon Clyburn is front and center in the Net Neutrality/Open internet battle where so many of us are on the fringes of understanding. The big issue will be the downside of repealing Net Neutrality. What is the impact of this new ruling by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)?

Ms Clyburn’s extended time on the FCC has been fighting for the internet to continue being a level playing field. It was one of those opportunities for many to build wealth by running small successful businesses that compete with the giants.  With Net Neutrality we all rolled together. The repeal of Net Neutrality is like a main highway being dominated (according to the new ruling) by internet providers like at&t, Spectrum, Verizon, etc. and you can’t get on a ramp (they are closed) so you will have to use the side roads to get to your destination, which will take you longer and may even cost you more for less. This gives more control and license to the providers to affect your access to the faster internet and in some cases where you are able to travel as well. Of course the other giants affected like Apple, Google, Microsoft, etc. need the providers to deliver content; add in dot com companies like Go Daddy and now you have fierce competition for access, cost of services, and slowed traffic. For example, if you live in a high traffic area like DC/VA/MD then you are familiar with separate fast traffic lanes for rush hour traffic. Once upon a time a single driver could get on before or after the designated times for heavy traffic for free. Now everyone has to pay something and don’t even know how to qualify during certain hours to use the fast lanes.  A sticker is also needed so I stay in and negotiate the heavy traffic in the free lanes.

Okay. Imagine, Google gets on (exist on) the internet provider’s highway, they can afford to pay. How do we pay to use Google? If you want faster internet speeds and you are a little guy you may end up having to search less or spend more money, do early morning or late night internet, use your company’s internet, or plan longer times on the slower lower cost effective internet options. Thus far I have been told that things won’t change, this coming from an at&t employee. Ever since the ruling, my phone has been acting up. My one gig of data is used up in no time and my phone is slowed down with all those apps (Is that  the Apple battery?).

Oh yes, I presume that there will be more successful applications than others. All these data hogging game apps require high-speed internet if they can afford it (rich kids) or even get access (not so rich kids). Of course, this is a blog and my take on what will happen to change your experience of the Wi-Fi, broadband, on the internet, (some businesses have already migrated to ‘internet two’ that is more secure and paid for by the corporate users to protect information like IBM.) Who’s staying and who’s going? Will you be able to download that assignment fast enough to work on it and upload it before the deadline? If it takes one to three minutes to get on Facebook are you going to use it? What about access to the cloud?

What about ‘Snapchat’ quick contact video? How many people will drop off YouTube? How will we know what is going on in the world? Who will know what’s up?

Mignon Clyburn’s tenure may be ending at the latest in January 2019, but the battle she had forged will hopefully help you and I better understand when someone says GO VOTE and you don’t bother, the domino affect will be more than you or your relatives and friends bargained for. (The banana republic!) In a global economy you cannot afford to check out if you want to make a living. You need the internet! Mignon Clyburn understands this and is still actively advocating and defending against the repeal. Look her up! She is knowledgeable and our protagonist on the impactful Federal Communications Commission (FCC). We at lillianonline.us salute her passion and advocacy.

Amanda Davis TV Pioneer Career Woman

Amanda Davis, TV journalist will be known for her 35 plus years career as a professional in the Atlanta GA news media market. If she had spent that many years and only 62, her work began around age 27 starting in Charlotte, then 

Amanda Davis, Journalist

moving to Washington, DC working for a Satellite TV competitor of CNN then to Atlanta where her career flourished at Fox affiliate. She will be remembered as a trailblazer and inspiration to countless journalists. Ms Davis was engaged for eight years. That relationship ended leaving her to struggled with substance abuse. Eventually a DUI charge would contribute to early retirement in 2012. Knowing the youth driven market competition, Amanda made a comeback based on her belief in purpose as a journalist. She was a mother of Melora Rivera, actress and writer.  

When a woman dies suddenly of a stroke at age 62, it begs to inquire, why? Amanda was a dedicated career journalist her whole life. Not finished in 2012, she made a come back in 2014 though she stumbled again, entered rehab, and developed a special at CBS about ‘alcoholism’ that included her story. Her career spanned from 1979 to 2017. What is the cause of a stroke and does alcoholism contribute?  According to WebMD.com ‘Too much alcohol in middle age can increase your stroke risk as much as high blood pressure or diabetes,…’ Amanda had rebounded her career solidly as working with a local CBS affiliate. She faced a holiday season, after the recent death of her biological father in early December, her mother had recently recovered from pneumonia in November and now news on the loss of her stepfather ‘Pop’. Amanda was traveling to the funeral when she collapsed in the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport and was taken to the hospital and died a day later on December 27, 2017. The events during 2017 and particularly during the holiday season can take a toll in unknown ways. Amanda Davis will be remembered for her successful career as a journalist, her dark DUI record due to alcoholism, and her professional comeback only to suffer a sudden tragic death from a stroke.

She teaches us to keep overcoming our frailties, continue striving, and to watch your health. She found purpose and achievements in her career where fewer women especially those of color were in the TV News media field. Her legacy will benefit those who came behind her, as a pioneer in programming working decades as a successful newscaster in the Atlanta television market. We salute Amanda Davis as our ‘Global Afro Woman Protagonist’ and pray for her family during this deeply heartfelt time in their lives.

The article and art are from Lillianonline.us 

 

Erica Garner found purpose in Justice for her Father.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Erica Garner, activist, daughter of Eric Garner, who suffered death by chokehold of a police officer in the streets of New York. Her father was a victim because he did not commit a crime worth dying for in the street. He also suffered from asthma. His daughter who was not clear on her mission took up one after the death of her father to fight the cause against loss of life of African American Men at the hands of white police officers. Though not charged, investigations did yield that the officer violated Eric Garner’s due process rights during an arrest; a chokehold was excessive force ending life.

There is always more behind a story then the story itself. Erica was a mother of two children, one born this past August. She was in advertisement for the Bernie Sanders campaign. She was part of the Black Lives Matter movement. She expressed disappointment and anger at the Obama Justice Department for not doing more for the civil rights of her dad. She had a full plate. She had finally found purpose and meaning. Her father’s death brought her as the eldest child into the national spotlight, a speaker, a bearer of the experience of loss and victimization.

In the myst of all this she has a child. Recent research shows that black women are three times more likely to die shortly after childbirth than white women. In 2017 a study that looks at the level of healthcare during pregnancy and follow up care are demons for the African American Woman’s survival rates. It does not matter the social economic situation of a mother. The institutional racism, prejudicial attitudes, and dismissive postures of health professionals contribute to the psychological well being of a pregnant mother, whose anxiety causes her to not interact with the system for proper care, and in some cases a rush to get away from traditional care in hospitals or even visit clinics. Erica Garner was actually typical. Imagine only 27 years of age, not knowing that a heart attack after child birth which became enlarged was not something on her radar screen. For that matter, more than likely no one else around her or those pulling on her new found purpose to be on this or that program to advance a cause that gave her passion. She could do it all. Right? After all she is only 27 years old, child bearing age. Erica had no knowledge that her heart had enlarged after having a baby and first heart attack. She probably did not give much thought to this newly researched phenomenon of black women low survival rates after childbirths and all the causes that bring on stress. Even as she was celebrating over the holiday season which is known for being one of the most stressful times of the year for parents, after addressing activists issues, her body was a ticking time bomb.

Asthma was the culprit. What triggers asthma attacks? While stress is not the most common cause like being allergic to things, ‘non allergic causes involves stress, exercise, a cold or flu, or exposure to extreme weather, irritants in the air or some medications’ according to the College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. She according to reports could not breathe, it shut off oxygen to her brain and caused a massive heart attack her second one in months. She was put into an induced coma state and never recovered. Who was paying attention? Erica will be remembered for her response to her father’s death, as an activist, thus achieving her life’s purpose. She was also a mother, a daughter, a sister, and a leader. Because of her role and importance to movements like ‘Black Lives Matter’, and speaking specifically about her non-violent father under attack by over zealous and aggressive force from NYPD, she will be remembered. The inadvertent memory she will also leave and hopefully not lost in the heat of moment was her health and support systems for her sustainability as a life force for her family and her passions. She could also be the poster child for black birth giving women death statistics. Something coming onto the radar screen that says to healthcare system and professionals that racism may be more life threatening to our people than police violence in the justice system.

article and art by Lillian L. Thompson, visual artist at Lillianonline.us

 

 

Diane Rwigara Candidate for President of Rawanda

Diane Rwigara ran as an opponent in the recent high profile Rawanda presidential election against successful third termer (seven year term) Paul Kagame, former guerrilla leader. He had been in power since 1994,  just after the 800,000 genocide of the Tutsi people. His successful election keeps him in power potentially until 2034. He is now 59 years old. Ms Rwigara at 35, is the daughter of a successful Tutsi industrialist, who was killed in a questionable truck collision with his Mercedes in 2015. Since that time his hotel property was declared improperly built and demolished as well as other properties seized. Diane had a very close relationship with her father as the first of six children. Her father helped with homework, who was particularly good with math. The family fled the country, during the genocide of Tutsi people to Belgium in Europe then on to the California where she attended State Universities at Sacramento and San Francisco receiving an undergraduate and an advanced degree in accounting.

Diane Rwigara also happens to like politics, something that the Rawanda culture does not encourage women to pursue, especially since her family is apolitical. Being compared to Rosa Parks, in terms of impact, is a significant and possibly a profound comparison. Her courage and passion to address freedom of speech, hunger in the face of the ruling party living like kings, disappearance of opposition, wealth concentration at the top, building of luxury hotels while people are in poverty, the arrogance with cronyism and illegal grabbing of business properties. She is a rare voice, when so many are fearful to speak against the government. Rwigara has endured the release of nude photos on the internet as part of a smear campaign. Her reaction was to let the source explain the nude photos and moved against claims that her self financed campaign was being helped by money sources outside of the country. She ran for President of Rawanda, without being under an established political party, making her run a long shot.

The results of the election were strongly in favor of the President in the ninety percentile, who has an international reputation for making Rwanda a stable and clean country. It is his authoritarian style which continues to impose on the freedom of speech for his people. Ms Rwigara, has insisted that her interest in running for president was not about her father’s death, despite her family’s continued efforts to regain their loss properties. Diane Rwigara was a baby when Rwanda’s president took office. It was not stated what her next steps would be after this crushing defeat, however, her passion for helping her people by speaking out against injustices and taking a stand does put her on the path of influence as Rosa Parks. Diane’s family has become more accepting of her pursuits, while maintaining their positions of avoiding politics. She will continue as a business woman and speaking out against the government injustices against the people of Rawanda. We are watching, because she represents the ‘Global Afro Woman’ protagonist and possibly the future leadership of her country.  www.lillianonline.us

Esther Stanford Xosei, Global Reparations Protagonist!

“I am Jurisconsult, passionate public lecturer and broadcaster. However, I am most recognized for being a long-standing researcher, campaigner, spokesperson and public opinion former on holistic reparations for Afrikans and their descendants worldwide.” 

Her webpage quote is at www.esterstanford.com. I have been able to discern from readings that Esther is a citizen of Britain a result of her parents seeking stability as immigrants from war torn regions in Africa. This may have robbed her of being a born on the soil, yet her spirit, passion and determination places her in the heart and soul of the continent and the desire to repatriate the homeland.

Her focus on reparations (financial compensation for the atrocity of slave trading) has as much to do with self-repair whereby the African consciousness is at the level of awareness to address conflicting issues such as poverty on the most abundant continent. She believes that serious assessment is needed of our deep knowledge base and inability to use it to uplift the continent. Because of this, she insists that Pan-Africanism would engage all people of African descent to come together to tackle and undo the harm done by the Transatlantic Slave Trade that divided countries unnaturally based on European nationals’ interest. Further she points to redefining what works best for the continent in terms of laws and governance. Her experience as an attorney in Western culture recognizes that policies may not work for Africa. She envisions different systems than what is perceived as most appropriate today: ’rule of law’ and democracy. What of a ‘Pan African State Union’? A ‘Black World League of Nations’? Self repair that does away with land grabbing, planting on land for non-continent countries, managing immigration of Europeans, eliminating food riots, and poverty. Her work is raising consciousness and global awareness including the development of curriculum to educate at the university levels worldwide on reparations, racism and discrimination for people of African descent. She is now considered one of the top leaders for the Global African Diaspora. Her speaking ability and visionary thinking enlightens many who may not have given much thought to a movement for the history and sake of maintaining our rich cultural heritage on the African Continent. She is a ‘Global Afro Woman Protagonist’. www.lillianonline.us

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Art by Lillian L. Thompson